WH33_Seville_Spain_101 

62230日在西班牙塞維亞召開的第33屆世界遺產委員會,即將審議《世界遺產名錄》的新增遺產地。

本屆的會議將由María Jesús San Segundo-西班牙駐聯合國教科文組織大使暨常任代表擔任委員會主席,共有35個《世界遺產公約》的締約國參與《世界遺產名錄》的遺產地提名,其中有3個國家-布吉納法索、佛德角與吉爾吉斯迄無遺產地曾獲得登錄《世界遺產名錄》的殊榮。


總數達
30處的遺產地將會在今年接受審議,以決定其能否登錄《世界遺產名錄》,包括4處自然遺產、23處文化遺產與3處雙重遺產(即同時具備自然與文化遺產條件),當中有4處並為跨國遺產。此外,同時接受審議的還有7處擴展遺產項目。


在委員會進行期間,仍將耗費大部分的時間用來討論目前已在《世界遺產名錄》內的
178處世界遺產地的保護狀況報告。委員會也會對《濱危世界遺產清單》內的30處遺產地保護狀況加以審視,亦可能決定將在各項保護條件上需要特別關注的其他遺產地增列於濱危清單之中。列名《濱危世界遺產清單》所反映的是該處遺產地遭受各式各樣的威脅,譬如污染、都市發展、對龐大的旅遊發展缺乏管理、戰爭以及自然災害等,諸如此類的威脅勢必對獲得登錄《世界遺產名錄》所具備的傑出價值造成負面影響。


目前被列入
《濱危世界遺產清單》的其中一處遺產地,也就是德國的德勒斯登易北河谷文化景觀,由於在整個文化景觀的中心位置興建大橋,因此將會被委員會進行特別詳細的審視,並決定是否將此處遺產地從《世界遺產名錄》中除名。

直到目前為止,《世界遺產名錄》共認可了878處遺產地擁有世遺應有之「傑出的普遍價值」,當中包含位於145個締約國境內的679處文化遺產、174處自然遺產與25處雙重遺產。


《世界遺產公約》的用意是在鼓勵對於保護人類共有遺產的國際合作,現已有
186個締約國加入,可說是最廣泛受到認可的國際法律建制之一。簽署公約之後,締約國必須鑑別未來或可登錄於《世界遺產名錄》中的遺產地並履行保護責任,同時也要對具備國家重要性或地區重要性的遺產地實施保護,特別是必須提供適當的法律與徹底的保護框架。


世界遺產委員會的組成,則是為了實踐
1972《世界遺產公約》而來,由21個國家所組成,委員國由締約國互選產生,任期最長達6年。世界遺產委員會每年決定《世界遺產名錄》的新增遺產地,這些遺產地則由各締約國提名所產生。對於這些新增遺產地的提名申請,將交由兩個協力諮詢組織加以審查:文化遺產由國際古蹟遺址理事會(ICOMOS),自然遺產則由國際自然保育聯盟(IUCN)進行,並將其審議結果做成建議通知委員會。另外國際文物保護與修復研究中心(ICCROM)也在修復工藝的保護與訓練方面提供專業諮詢建議。


世界遺產委員會也對已登錄於
《世界遺產名錄》中的遺產地保護狀態報告進行審議,同時在必要時要求締約國採取適當保護與保存措施。委員會也負責監督來自「世界遺產基金」超過4百萬美元的年度預算,針對緊急行動、教育訓練及鼓勵技術合作而善加執行。此外,聯合國教科文組織的世界遺產中心,則肩負起世界遺產委員會秘書處的任務。


獲得認可的新聞業者將可參加在
622舉行的開幕典禮,當天的與會者包括世界遺產委員會主席,西班牙政府特派代表,聯合國教科文組織總幹事松浦晃一郎,聯合國教科文組織大會主席George N. Anastassopoulos(希臘),聯合國教科文組織執行局主席Olabiyi Babalola Joseph Yaï(貝寧)。在委員會進行期間,新聞業者也可通過記者會,隨時獲得委員會相關工作進展與各項決議的訊息。

 

資料來源:World Heritage Centre


World Heritage Committee to meet in Seville will review state of conservation of 178 sites and add new sites on List


Tuesday, May 26, 2009


The World Heritage Committee will consider requests for the inscription of new sites on UNESCO's World Heritage List when it meets for its 33rd session in Seville, Spain, from 22 to 30 June.


During this year's session - to be chaired by María Jesús San Segundo, the Ambassador and Permanent Delegate of Spain to UNESCO - 35 States Parties to the World Heritage Convention will present properties for inscription on
UNESCO's World Heritage List. Three of those countries - Burkina Faso, Cape Verde and Kyrgyzstan - have no properties inscribed on the World Heritage List to date.


Thirty new properties in total were submitted for inscription on the World Heritage List this year: 4 natural, 23 cultural and 3 mixed (i.e. both natural and cultural) properties, including 4 transnational nominations. In addition, 7 extensions to properties already listed have been proposed .


The Committee will dedicate a large part of the discussions during the session to review the state of conservation of 178 sites already inscribed on the World Heritage List. The Committee will also review the state of conservation of the 30 World Heritage properties inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger and may decide to add to that list new properties whose preservation requires special attention. The List in Danger features sites which are threatened by a variety of problems such as pollution, urban development, poorly managed mass tourism, wars, and natural disasters, which have a negative impact on the outstanding values for which the sites were inscribed on the World Heritage List.


One of the properties on the
List in Danger, the cultural landscape of Germany's Dresden Elbe Valley, will come under particular scrutiny as the Committee will decide whether to remove the property from the World Heritage List because of the building of a bridge in the heart of the landscape.


To date, the World Heritage List recognizes 878 properties of "outstanding universal value," including 679 cultural, 174 natural and 25 mixed properties in 145 States Parties.


The Convention encourages international cooperation to safeguard the common heritage of humanity. With 186 States Parties, it is one of the most widely ratified international legal instruments. When signing the Convention, States Parties commit to identifying sites for potential inscription and to preserving sites on the World Heritage List, as well as sites of national and regional importance, notably by providing an appropriate legal and regulatory framework.


The World Heritage Committee, responsible for the implementation of the 1972 Convention, comprises representatives of 21 countries, elected by the States Parties for up to six years. Each year, the Committee adds new sites to the List. The sites are proposed by the States Parties. Applications are then reviewed by two advisory bodies: cultural sites by the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS), and natural sites by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), which inform the Committee of their recommendations. The International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Conservation of Cultural Heritage (ICCROM) provides expert advice on conservation and training in restoration techniques.


The World Heritage Committee also examines reports on the state of conservation of inscribed sites and asks States Parties to take appropriate conservation and preservation measures when necessary. The Committee supervises the disbursement of over $4 million annually from the World Heritage Fund, aimed, among other purposes, at emergency action, training of experts and encouraging technical cooperation. UNESCO's World Heritage Centre is the Secretariat of the World Heritage Committee.


Accredited journalists will be able to attend the opening ceremony of the 33rd session (22 June), which will include the participation of the Chairperson of the World Heritage Committee, representatives of the government of Spain, the Director-General of UNESCO, Koïchiro Matsuura, the President of UNESCO's General Conference, George N. Anastassopoulos (Greece), and the Chairman of UNESCO's Executive Board, Olabiyi Babalola Joseph Yaï (Benin). They will be informed of the work and decisions of the Committee in regular press conferences during the Committee session.


World Heritage Centre http://whc.unesco.org/en/news/509

 

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