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【世界遺產中心特稿】

 

2009625

世界遺產委員會對於亞塞拜然當局在其境內「巴庫古城與希梵沙宮殿及少女塔」的保護工作上獲得成功,表達了歡迎之意,並且決定將此遺產地從聯合國教科文組織的《瀕危世界遺產清單》中除名。


此處世界遺產地於
200011月時的地震中遭到破害,因此在2003年時被列入瀕危世界遺產清單。同時此處遺產地還籠罩在都市發展壓力、保護政策缺乏和重建效力欠明朗等負面效應中。但是在管理方面的諸多改進措施,終於讓此處遺產地有效保全其在2000年獲得進入《世界遺產名錄》時所具備的「突出普遍性價值」。


整處遺產地的興建可上溯到舊石器時代,而巴庫由城牆所圍繞的城市則可說是包括祆教、薩珊尼亞帝國、阿拉伯、波斯、希梵尼、鄂圖曼土耳其與俄羅斯等文化形式持續存在的明顯例證。其中內城(伊契瑞希賀)在
12世紀時所建造的防衛用城牆,大部分到現在都還保留著。而現存的少女塔(麥登塔,基日格拉希),則是在12世紀時,於公元前76世紀的建物舊址上興建起來的。另15世紀的希梵夏宮殿,更可稱得上是亞塞拜然建築史上的經典作之一。


33屆世界遺產委員會,由西班牙駐聯合國教科文組織常任大使馬雷亞賽岡多擔任主席,將在塞維亞舉行會議到630。委員會的21個成員國刻正在審查《世界遺產名錄》現有遺產地的保護情況,以及本年新提名的文化和自然類型遺產地的登錄審議。


【資料來源:
World Heritage Centre

World Heritage Committee removes Baku from Danger List welcoming improvements in the ancient city´s preservation

Thursday, June 25, 2009

 

http://whc.unesco.org/en/news/521


The World Heritage Committee has welcomed the success of the authorities of Azerbaijan in preserving the Walled City of Baku with the Shirvanshahs' Palace and Maiden Tower (Azerbaijan), and decided to remove the property from UNESCO's List of World Heritage in Danger.

The site, which sustained damage during the earthquake of November 2000, was inscribed on the Danger List in 2003. The site was then also seen as being negatively affected by the pressure of urban development, the absence of conservation policies and by dubious restoration efforts. Improvements in its management have since allowed for the site to secure the outstanding universal value for which it was inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage List in 2000.

Built on a site inhabited since the Palaeolithic period, the Walled City of Baku reveals evidence of Zoroastrian, Sasanian, Arabic, Persian, Shirvani, Ottoman, and Russian presence in cultural continuity. The Inner City (Icheri Sheher) has preserved much of its 12th-century defensive walls. The 12th-century Maiden Tower (Giz Galasy) is built over earlier structures dating from the 7th to 6th centuries BC, and the 15th-century Shirvanshahs' Palace is one of the pearls of Azerbaijan's architecture.

The 33rd session of the World Heritage Committee, chaired by María Jesús San Segundo, the Ambassador and Permanent Delegate of Spain to UNESCO, is meeting in Seville until 30 June. The Committee´s 21 members are reviewing the state of conservation of properties inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage List and nominations for new inscriptions of cultural and natural sites on the List.

 

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遺產地小檔案

巴庫古城與希梵沙宮殿及少女塔 Walled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower

所在國:亞塞拜然

登錄年度:2000

地域範圍:21.5公頃

座落位置:北緯402200秒,東經494960

遺產編號:958

適用標準:(iv)

遺產地連結:http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/958/

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