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【世界遺產中心快報】

在聯合國教科文組織於今(2009)年106日至23日舉行35屆會員國大會之後,緊接著登場的,就是1023日到28日同樣在法國巴黎UNESCO總部舉行的17屆世界遺產公約締約國大會。

在教科文組織會員國大會中,教科文組織針對關於歷史都市景觀保護之有利條件的可行性研究方案,已被提出進行討論。這項方案的目標,是點明影響歷史城市與周邊地區的許多挑戰,且對都市保護提供通則,並更新相關保護工作指針。此方案同時也支持歷史城市在歷經快速成長下的保護工作,使這些城市的遺產價值保存,能在都市變遷的情況下順利調適而且還能受益。

教科文組織大會此次也有機會同意新設置4個由教科文組織主辦的第二類機構,協助並支援會員國在領土範圍內落實施行1972年的《世界遺產公約》。這4個機構分別是設立在巴林的「阿拉伯地區世界遺產中心」(ARC-WH),設立在巴西里約熱內盧的「區域性遺產管理培訓中心」,「非洲世界遺產基金」(AWHF),以及設立在墨西哥薩卡特卡斯的「區域性世界遺產研究所」。這4個機構將加入同樣由教科文組織主辦並已在運作的第二類機構-設立於中國的「世界遺產培訓與研究中心(亞太地區)」(WHTR-AP)和設立在奧斯陸的「北歐世界遺產基金會」的行列,共同為遺產保護行動而努力。這些並列規劃而設立的機構,都屬於與世界遺產相關的培訓與研究中心或基金的廣大網絡的一部分。

17屆世界遺產公約締約國大會,將推選產生世界遺產委員會的新成員,取代將卸任的委員國。世界遺產委員會有21個法定成員國,大部分委員國都自願性地將任期縮短為4年(依《世界遺產公約》,原應有6年的任期),俾便讓其他締約國也有機會為委員會服務。2009年將選出12個新任的委員國。

締約國大會也將同時關注《世界遺產公約》未來的發展,主要的課題放在三方面:首先是20092月在教科文組織總部舉行的「世界遺產公約展望研討會」的會議結論;其次,是關於千禧年發展目標與聯合國統合行動在世界遺產主流策略的決議;第三,關於世界遺產永續發展的政府間與雙邊互助體系。這三方面的議題並將在「超越2012」的主題下進行廣泛討論,這個主題將是《世界遺產公約》邁向40週年的行動路線圖,俾為公約提出一個長期的願景。

The 35th session of the General Conference is meeting from 6-23 October 2009, and the 17th General Assembly of States Parties to the World Heritage Convention will meet from 23 to 28 October 2009 at the UNESCO Headquarters in Paris, France.

At the General Conference, a feasibility study on the desirability of a new UNESCO Recommendation on the conservation of the Historic Urban Landscape will be presented for discussion. The goal of this instrument is to address many of the challenges that affect historic cities and their broader setting, providing general principles and updated guidelines on urban conservation. It will also support the preservation of historic cities as they experience rapid growth, enabling them to accommodate and benefit from urban transformation while maintaining heritage values.

The General Conference will also have the opportunity to approve the establishment of four new category 2 centres under the auspices of UNESCO, to assist and support Member States in the implementation of the 1972 World Heritage Convention in their territories. These centres are the Arab Regional Centre for World Heritage (ARC-WH) in Bahrain, the Regional Heritage Management Training Centre in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), the African World Heritage Fund (AWHF) and the Regional World Heritage Institute in Zacatecas (Mexico). They will join their efforts and activities to those of the World Heritage Training and Research Institute for the Asia and the Pacific Region in China (WHTR-AP) and the Nordic World Heritage Foundation in Oslo, which are already active category 2 centres under the auspices of UNESCO. These centres, alongside others which are planned, will form part of a wider network of World Heritage related Training and Research Centres and Funds.

The 17th General Assembly of States Parties to the World Heritage Convention will have an election to replace outgoing members of the World Heritage Committee. There are 21 members on the Committee, with most States Parties voluntarily choosing a mandate of four years (instead of six, as stipulated in the World Heritage Convention) in order to give other States Parties an opportunity to serve on the Committee. In 2009, twelve members will be elected to the Committee.

The General Assembly will also address the future of the World Heritage Convention, by addressing three themes: the results of the Workshop on the Future of the Convention, held at UNESCO Headquarters in February 2009; an examination of the mainstreaming strategies of World Heritage related to the Millennium Development Goals and the one-UN Process, and in the intergovernmental and bilateral aid system and on World Heritage and Sustainable Development; and there will also be a discussion on the theme of "2012 and Beyond", the road map toward the 40th anniversary of the Convention and a long-term vision.

【資料來源:World Heritage Centre

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世界遺產研究中心

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