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距今已有5千年,占地廣達626公頃的卡羅爾-蘇沛聖城考古遺址,座落於一處能夠俯瞰蘇沛河翠綠河谷的乾漠台地上。其歷史可上溯到中安地斯山區的遠古時代末期,也是美洲最古老的文明中心。最特別的是此處遺址保存完好,其建築設計與複雜程度令人印象深刻,尤其是此地的石碑、土造平台與低下的環狀庭院。而古代18個城市型聚落之一的卡羅爾也同時位於此地,卡羅爾擁有複雜且高大的建築,包括6座大型金字塔形結構建築。在此處遺產地所發現的圭普(在安地斯文明中用來記錄資訊的繩結系統,類似中國的結繩記事),可說是卡羅爾社會發展及複雜程度的明證。此座城市的規劃以及某些組成部分,如金字塔形結構建築與上層菁英所住的住宅,都清楚的顯示出儀式活動的功能,標誌著當地擁有強大的宗教性意識型態。

The 5000-year-old 626-hectare archaeological site of The Sacred City of Caral-Supe is situated on a dry desert terrace overlooking the green valley of the Supe river. It dates back to the Late Archaic Period of the Central Andes and is the oldest centre of civilization in the Americas. Exceptionally well-preserved, the site is impressive in terms of its design and the complexity of its architectural, especially its monumental stone and earthen platform mounts and sunken circular courts. One of 18 urban settlements situated in the same area, Caral features complex and monumental architecture, including six large pyramidal structures. A quipu (the knot system used in Andean civilizations to record information) found on the site testifies to the development and complexity of Caral society. The city’s plan and some of its components, including pyramidal structures and residence of the elite, show clear evidence of ceremonial functions, signifying a powerful religious ideology.

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遺產地小檔案

卡羅爾-蘇沛聖城 Sacred City of Caral-Supe

所在國:秘魯
登錄年度:2009
占地面積:240.4152公頃
區:14620.3100公頃
座落位置:南緯105330秒,西經773117
遺產編號:1269
適用標準:(ii)(iii)(iv)
遺產地連結:http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1269/

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