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海克力士塔是座落於西班牙西北部拉科魯納港入口的一座燈塔與地標,自公元1世紀,由羅馬人開拓法隆布萊剛提恩(即今日的拉科魯納)以來即聳立至今。此塔建造在一座57公尺高的巨大岩塊上,塔本身亦高達55公尺,可區分為往上逐漸縮小的三層,最頂層則是羅馬式的燈塔結構。還有一座小的方形羅馬式建築緊靠於燈塔旁。此處遺產地還包括一座雕塑庭園,從鐵器時代遺留到現在的畢克士山石雕,以及一處穆斯林墓園。在1990年代時,曾挖出羅馬時代殘存的建築地基。從中古世紀到19世紀曾有許多傳奇故事縈繞著海克力士塔,畢竟它是希臘羅馬時代遺留至今,唯一一座結構完整且還在運作的燈塔。

The Tower of Hercules has served as a lighthouse and landmark at the entrance of La Coruña harbour in north-western Spain since the late 1st century A.D. when the Romans built the Farum Brigantium. The Tower, built on a 57 metre high rock, rises a further 55 meters. It is divided into three progressively smaller levels, the first of which corresponds to the Roman structure of the lighthouse. Immediately adjacent to the base of the Tower, is a small rectangular Roman building. The site also features a sculpture park, the Monte dos Bicos rock carvings from the Iron Age and a Muslim cemetery. The Roman foundations of the building were revealed in excavations conducted in the 1990s. Many legends from the Middle Ages to the 19th century surround the Tower of Hercules which is unique as it is the only lighthouse of Greco-Roman antiquity to have retained a measure of structural integrity and functional continuity.

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遺產地小檔案

海克力士塔 Tower of Hercules

所在國:西班牙
登錄年度:2009
占地面積:86.3100公頃
區:142.4900公頃
座落位置:北緯432309秒,東經082423
遺產編號:1312
適用標準:(iii)
遺產地連結:http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1312/

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世界遺產研究中心

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