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朝鮮王陵由散佈在18處不同地區的40座陵墓所組成,從1408年到1966年,跨越5個世紀之久,這些陵墓建造的目的是為了光宗耀祖,表達崇敬,彰顯王室威望,保護先祖亡靈免於邪魔侵擾,並防止野蠻的破壞行徑。陵墓皆修築於景色秀麗之處,座北朝南,背後傍山以為倚恃,墓前則有一水相依。更理想的位址,還有層層山巒圍繞於遠處。在埋葬的陵地之旁,王陵另有舉行儀典的處所與門闕。而在墓墩之外,其它附屬建築物也是整個陵墓完整的一部分,包括丁字形的木造神祠、碑亭、御廚與侍衛房舍,以及一道漆成全紅的大門和看守陵墓者居住的屋舍。在陵墓之外的墓道上,則是整列的石像生與石獸。朝鮮王陵可說是總結了朝鮮半島5千年來的王陵建築。

The Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty form a collection of 40 tombs scattered over 18 locations. Built over five centuries, from 1408 to 1966, the tombs honoured the memory of ancestors, showed respect for their achievements, asserted royal authority, protected ancestral spirits from evil and provided protection from vandalism. Spots of outstanding natural beauty were chosen for the tombs which typically have their back protected by a hill as they face south toward water and, ideally, layers of mountain ridges in the distance. Alongside the burial area, the royal tombs feature a ceremonial area and an entrance. In addition to the burial mounds, associated buildings that are an integral part of the tombs include a T-shaped wooden shrine, a shed for stele, a royal kitchen and a guards’ house, a red-spiked gate and the tomb keeper’s house. The grounds are adorned on the outside with a range of stone objects including figures of people and animals. The Joseon Tombs completes the 5,000 year history of royal tombs architecture in the Korean peninsula.

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遺產地小檔案

朝鮮王陵 Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty

所在國:南韓
登錄年度:2009
占地面積:1891.2000公頃
區:4660.1000公頃
座落位置:北緯371150秒,東經1282710
遺產編號:1319
適用標準:(iii)(iv)(vi)
遺產地連結:http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1319/

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