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舒希達水利系統,乃是以其創造性天才傑作而被登錄為世界遺產地,其年代可尋跡上溯至公元5世紀的大流士大帝時代。此遺產地包括了興建在卡倫河上的兩條引水渠道,其中之一的卡嘎大圳至今仍在運作,供應舒希達城用水並通過一整套水道系統供水給磨坊使用。此套水利系統構成一個層層流水如瀑的特殊崖壁,灌流入下游的水塘。然後注入城鎮南緣被稱為米安布(意為天堂),一處栽植蘭花與其它作物的4萬公頃平原地帶。在遺產地的範圍內還包括許多著名的古蹟,如撒拉塞堡,整座水利系統的操控中心,水面觀測塔,大壩,古橋,水塘與磨坊。此地可說是埃藍人、美索布達米亞人與年代較近的納巴泰專業工藝如何運作,以及羅馬建築如何影響的最佳例證。

Shushtar, Historical Hydraulic System, inscribed as a masterpiece of creative genius, can be traced back to Darius the Great in the 5th century B.C. It involved the creation of two main diversion canals on the river Kârun one of which, Gargar canal, is still in use providing water to the city of Shushtar via a series of tunnels that supply water to mills. It forms a spectacular cliff from which water cascades into a downstream basin. It then enters the plain situated south of the city where it has enabled the planting of orchards and farming over an area of 40,000 ha. known as Mianâb (Paradise). The property has an ensemble of remarkable sites including the Salâsel Castel, the operation centre of the entire hydraulic system, the tower where the water level is measured, damns, bridges, basins and mills. It bears witness to the know-how of the Elamites and Mesopotamians as well as more recent Nabatean expertise and Roman building influence.

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遺產地小檔案

舒希達水利系統Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System

所在國:伊朗
登錄年度:2009
占地面積:240.4152公頃
座落位置:北緯320107秒,東經485009
遺產編號:1315
適用標準:(i)(ii)(v)
遺產地連結:http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1315/

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世界遺產研究中心

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