GalapagosIslands_Ecuador_01.jpg 

因達爾文的進化論而舉世聞名的葛拉帕哥斯群島


 

【譯自法新社消息】

(巴西利亞2010/7/29消息)

聯合國教科文組織的世界遺產委員會,週三決定將厄瓜多爾的葛拉帕哥斯群島自瀕臨危險的遺產地清單中移除,這是鑑於基多方面努力對這個太平洋列島進行各項保護措施。

「此決定是14票贊成,5票反對,及1票棄權的投票結果。」世遺委員會最後通過將這座群島從瀕危清單中移除。此處被列入瀕危清單是在2007年。據世遺委員會本週在巴西利亞召開會議時的主席,亦即巴西文化部長如是表示。

「這項決定對於認可厄瓜多爾政府努力在此處遺產地所進行的保護與保育措施來說,相當的重要。」巴西遺產研究院主席亞曼達(Luiz Fernando de Almeida)在一項聲明中如此宣稱。巴西是此次提出將葛拉帕哥斯群島自瀕危清單中除名的國家。

位於厄瓜多爾海岸外1千公里遠,葛拉帕哥斯列島共有13座主要的島嶼與其它17座小島,自1978年起,就以島嶼與周邊海域所擁有的豐富植物與動物生命型態,而獲得登錄《世界遺產名錄》的殊榮。

但在2007年,教科文組織宣布,由於旅遊業的急增和外來物種的入侵,導致這座群島的環境瀕臨危險狀態。

此處住著大約1萬名居民,大部分是漁民,這座火山列嶼是在1千萬年前從太平洋海床上升起而形成。而之所以聞名於世是因為達爾文於1835年抵達此地進行研究作業。目前聯合國教科文組織的《瀕危世界遺產清單》中共有散佈全球各地的31處文化或自然遺產地,皆因退化或破壞等逼近的危難而列名。


此次第34屆世界遺產委員會的年度例行會議,是在72583於巴西首都舉行。

Galapagos dropped from UNESCO endangered list

2010/7/29  (AFP)  

BRASILIA — UNESCO's World Heritage Committee said Wednesday it has removed Ecuador's Galapagos Islands from its list of endangered sites, due to Quito's protective efforts in the Pacific archipelago.

"By a vote of 14 to five, with one abstention," the committee removed the islands from its endangered environments list, where it was included in 2007, said Brazil's Culture Ministry, which presides over this week's committee meeting in Brasilia.

"It's important to recognize the Ecuadoran government's effort in protecting and preserving this heritage site," Brazilian Heritage Institute president Luiz Fernando de Almeida said in a statement.

Brazil had requested that the Galapagos be removed from the endangered list.

Located 1,000 kilometers (620 miles) west of Ecuador's coast, the Galapagos archipelago of 13 main islands and 17 islets has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1978 for its rich plant and animal life both on land and in the surrounding sea.

In 2007, the organization declared the island chain's environment endangered due to the increase of tourism and the introduction of invasive species.

Some 10,000 people, mostly fishermen, live on the volcanic archipelago, which rose from the Pacific seabed 10 million years ago and became famous when Darwin visited to conduct research in 1835.

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization's List of World Heritage in Danger includes 31 cultural or natural sites around the globe at imminent risk of degradation or destruction.

The 34th annual meeting of the World Heritage Committee this year takes place in the Brazilian capital from July 25 to August 3.

Resource: http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5igygf1bZll-6jUacSVN1ZiHIGiug



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遺產地小檔案

葛拉帕哥斯群島 Galápagos Islands
座落位置:北緯49度00分01秒,西經91度00分00秒
遺產編號:1bis
登錄年度:1978
所在國家:厄瓜多爾

核心區:14066514.0000公頃
適用標準:
(vii)(viii)(ix)(x)
遺產地連結:http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1/

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