Saloum Delta _Senegal_01.jpg  

塞內加爾的薩盧姆河三角洲


 

【巴黎消息,6月24日】 - 世界遺產委員會今天決定,將薩盧姆河三角洲(Saloum Delta,塞內加爾)及其綿延兩千餘年的人類居住遺跡列入教科文組織《世界遺產名錄》。

薩盧姆河三角洲(Saloum Delta,塞內加爾)是作為文化遺產列入名錄的,占地5000平方公里,區內物種豐富的生態系統為生活在此的2000多人提供了生活的保障,他們的主要生活來源是捕魚業和貝類採集。三角洲位於三條河流的河汊之間,由半咸水水道環繞著200多座大小島嶼、紅樹林、大西洋海洋環境及幹樹林所組成。

在三角洲內發現了由當地居民在數千年中建造的218座人工貝塚,有些貝塚長達幾百米。在28座採取了古墳的形制的埋葬場所中,出土了不同尋常的人工製品,為我們瞭解三角洲不同時期文化提供了重要的依據,同時它們也是西非海岸人居歷史的重要見證。

於6月19日至29日在教科文組織巴黎總部舉行的世界遺產委員會第35屆會議,將對今年35項申報列入《世界遺產名錄》的自然、複合(自然與文化雙重)及文化遺產進行審議。

教科文組織新聞稿2011.06.24

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Senegal’s Saloum Delta inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List

The World Heritage Committee has inscribed Saloum Delta (Senegal) and its vestiges of more than two millennia of human occupation on UNESCO’s World Heritage List.

Fishing and shellfish gathering have sustained human life in the 5,000 km2 property, which is formed by the arms of three rivers. The site comprises brackish channels encompassing over 200 islands and islets, mangrove forest, an Atlantic marine environment, and dry forest.

The site is marked by 218 shellfish mounds, some of them several hundreds metres long, produced by its human inhabitants over the ages. Burial sites on 28 of the mounds take the form of tumuli where remarkable artefacts have been found. They are important for our understanding of cultures from the various periods of the delta’s occupation and testify to the history of human settlement along the coast of West Africa.

A total of 35 nominations, including natural, cultural and mixed properties are being reviewed by the Committee, which is holding its 35th session at UNESCO Headquarters in Paris. The session will end on 29 June.

24.06.2011
Source: UNESCO/CULTURE UNESCOPRESS

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